More than 50 million people visit the mountains annually, attracted by the natural beauty of the alpine environment, the big diversity of activities of esparcimiento that offers the mountainous territory and the opportunities to go in in contact with the local cultures. The panorama límpido, refrescante and wonderful of the mountains, in combination with the traditions, arts and craftsmanships, in addition to the wealth culinaria venue of the communities of the mountains, do of these zones, interesting tourist destinations.
The sportive tourism has flowered particularly in the mountainous zones in the last 30 years. It has desbordado the traditional zones of North America and the Alpes European to zones very little exploded previously, as some parts of the Central Asia, the Himalaya, the Karakorum, the Cáucaso, Andes and even the Antarctica. The mountaineering offers diverse activities, that are the more commonly practised in the mountains: treks, ski, table, promotion and observation of birds.
With everything, are purchasing more demand some extreme sports, like the “bungee jumping“, “hydrospeeding“, “rafting“, “parapente“ and barranquismo, especially between urban tourists in search of adventure. Another sector of development of the alpine tourism takes advantage of the mountains like source of welfare and health. Increasingly visited by
The mountains offer opportunities of contemplation and meditation.
The tourist peak definitely hasbenefited to a lot of mountainous regions of distinct parts of the world. Thanks to the income that leaves the tourism, the pobladores of the mountains, many of them disadvantaged economically, can inhale to improve his level of life. The tourism of mountain has given to youngsters of both sexes the opportunity to plough a future in his communities, instead of joining to the rural exodus to the cities. The aflujo of visitors also has created a market for the products of the artisans and of the local products.
Although the tourism, and in particular the alpine, is one of the sectors that is growing economically to main speed in the world, also is one of the fewer subjects to reglamentación. The gains to short term have to balance with the losses on a long-term basis so that this industry turn into durable source of profit for the communities of the mountains.