The Gomera

La Gomera
The Gomera

The Gomera has a surface of 369,76 square km and his higher point is the Garajonay, with 1.487 m of altitude.

The island has the National Park of Garajonay (see map of the park), declared in 1981 and later appointed by the UNESCO like Heritage of the Mankind. It houses an own natural jewel of the Tertiary, the forest of Laurisilva. It is formed by a big variety of trees that conserve his foliage during all the year, of character subtropical, directly related with a high humidity and soft temperatures. In him can find fayas, heaths, laurels, ferns, etc. The zone sees affected by the sea of clouds by what the condensation of the steam of water in the leaves of the trees (horizontal rain) elevates of considerable way the quantity of water in the terrain. The Park can visit easily thanks to the numerous footpaths that cross it.

Other natural spaces protected are The Natural Reservation Integral of Benchijigua, The Special Natural Reservation of Puntallana, The Natural Park of Majona, The Rural Park of Big Valley Rey and The Landscape Protected of Orone, amongst other.

The island has cientos of vegetal and animal endemisms, that do that it was rich in biodiversidad and nature. Between the animal endemisms of The Gomera stands out the Giant Lizard of The Gomera (Gallotia bravoana), possibly one of the most loomed vertebrates of the world. Only they know some copies in a bluff of difficult access. The Canarian government has elaborated a plan for his recovery.

The Gomera, to the equal that the rest of the Canarians, is a volcanic island, but the episodes of this type can consider extinct in her, taking place the last does some two million years. Because of this fault of eruptions in recent period, the erosion of the water has traced numerous ravines and in the coast has delineado prominent cliffs. Example of this is the natural space protected of The Organs, in the north of the island.

The economy has based along the history in the agriculture and in the primary sector in general. The agriculture has had a double slope, on the one hand the autoabastecimiento (hortalizas) and by another the export (banana). With a surface a priori no favourable for this activity, the crop has been possible thanks to the terraces built in the terrain and the network of channels and systems of irrigation.

In the last years the economic development has oriented to the tourism. The emergent tourist cores are Big Valley Rey, Beach Santiago and San Sebastián of the Gomera.

August 2007
lugar
Place
Núm. de estapas
Days
Longitud
Length
Desnivel Positivo
Desnivel Desnivel Positivo
Desnivel Negativo
Desnivel Desnivel Negativo
Dificultad
Difficulty
Tipo de ruta
Type route
Sta. Cruz Tenerife 7 55 Km. 2695 m. 2695 m. Easy Excursiones Independientes
August 2007
lugar
Place
Núm. de estapas
Days
Longitud
Length
Sta. Cruz Tenerife 7 55 Km.
Desnivel Positivo
Desnivel Desnivel Positivo
Desnivel Negativo
Desnivel Desnivel Negativo
Dificultad
Difficulty
Tipo de ruta
Type route
2695 m. 2695 m. Easy Excursiones Independientes