The Islands Columbretes are a sample of the geological activity that has suffered the zone during a lot of years.
The origin of the Islands Columbretes situated to 48 kilometres of the province of Castellón, traces back does a pair of million years roughly. Because of the big changes in the terrestrial skin that produced during this time by all the coast of the Mediterranean, more specifically by all the seaboard of the province of Castellón.
The Islands Columbretes are formed by a group of islotes. The most important are: l´Illa Grosa (Columbrete Big), the Ferrera (Kennel), the Foradada (Horada) and the Carallot (Bergantín).
His name comes from of the impression of the first navegantes, Greeks and Latins, that include them to his letters with the name of Ophiusa or Colubraria, admired by the abundance of snakes that there found. It ignites the island to finish with the víboras (the last were seen to finals of the 19th century).
Between 1856 and 1860 it produced the true colonisation of the Islands Columbretes, since I realise the construction of the faro to guide to the crafts that went through there at night.
The Islands Columbretes are a clear sample of the big geological activity that has suffered the zone during a lot of years. Since, if we observe thoroughly the islands, be able to observe us with clarity the presence of a big number of craters or even rests of the chimenea of an extinct volcano.
Settled on a bottom situated to some 80 metres of depth, the Columbretesrepresent the best example of vulcanism of our earth. It stands out l'Illa Grossa,formed by diverse craters chained, and the Carallot, that, with his 32 metres of height on the sea, is the geological evidence of the rests of the chimenea central of a volcano. The Marine Reservation that surrounds the archipelago at present has a surface of 5.543 has.
At present, the Islands Columbretes, have a “practically tourist” use. Where the people goes to observe the beautiful landscape that there presents them beside the big diversity of vegetal and animal species. It fits to mention also, that suppose an only habitat in all the Mediterranean, because of the big marine diversity that inhabits under his waters of species that serian difficult to find in other parts of said mar. In addition to that suppose a natural shelter for the same.
They are formed by a group of small archipelagos distanciados between if by several miles.
There are four groups that belong to the islands columbretes of Castellón, the first is the Big Island or Island Grossa , the boiler of the volcano that is opened to the East and that it is the elder of all the islands columbretes. It treats of the rests of an ancient crater. It has form of an elipse of roughly a kilometro. The two extremes of the island, coincide with the two higher points of the same. In one of them finds the faro, thanks to him achieves a height of some 61 metres and does that his visibility was perfect for the ships that go through there.
There is a second group that is formed by a total of three islands, whose main island is the known like The Horadada. That it does not have neither the half of the surface that the big island. But also it supposes a good half for bucear, although it does not allow be there since it forms part of the natural reservation. The two remaining islands that form it are the Island of the Wolf, and the Méndez Núñez, the smallest of all.
The third group calls the Ferrera. És A mini archipelago smaller of all those that form part of the islands columbretes. It is formed by some eight islands roughly. Some of them are simply some big rocks.
In fourth place, there is a mini archipelago whose main island island is the known like the Bergantín.
Thanks to the transparency of his waters, the bottoms of Columbretes present a dense coverage of seaweeds that achieves considerable depths and allows the development of interesting communities like the seaweed parda Laminaria rodriguezii.
The communities and marine habitats present in the islands an exceptional degree of conservation. They stand out the communities bentónicas of deep waters (coralígneno) by his fragility and important representation in the bottoms of the reservation, the meadows of Cymodocea nodosa, , Gorgonia red, nacras, red prickly star, morenas, cabrillas, serranos, salmonete of rock, sargos, obladas, mojarras, salpas, golden, corvillos, castañuelas, vaquetas, doncellas, fredis, enormous mere and langosta red.
We buceamos with www.columbretes.com.
Assisted and taken by our professor Oliver from Barcelona, www.vanasdive.com, i by our guide Pau, of Vasnasdive, in the same Columbretes.
Buceamos With the catamarán of Buenaventura of the mar. S.L (www.columbretes.com), society founded in the year 1990, devoted to all the related in the maritime appearance, tourism, fishing and underwater activities, realising since chárters deprived to Islands Columbretes, Pleasure of High Bar, Ibiza-Formentera, Mallorca and Cabrera, so much in the field of leisure-tourism as in the field of scuba diving.
Buceamos In the Boiler of the Volcano and in the Foradada.
The diving in the Islands Columbretes was really surprising for the unknown that they are. The true is that we find us with that the bottoms are a garden of seaweeds, of very diverse variety, and full of pececillos.
Also it is necessary to say that the diving is very pleasant, without currents, with all type of varieties, with some mere immense. Very good to enjoy of the diving in calm plan, although it did us some days of a poquitín of bad sea, with included storm that was fantastic.